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How 3D printing can simplify intravascular device testing

How 3D printing can simplify intravascular device testing

Written by David

February 9, 2021


Testing thrombogenicity of a heart valve has always required an in vivo assessment. The in vitro blood loop offers a less expensive, faster option of thrombogenicity testing for valves through the use of custom 3D-printed chambers.


Many specialty medical devices, such as mapping catheters, large-vessel stent grafts, intravascular pumps (LVADS), endovascular grafts and artificial valves are destined for deployment within the patient’s vasculature in a flowing blood path. Device regulators need to be assured that neither the surface characteristics nor the device materials could cause inappropriate interactions with blood. Therefore, a critical part of the regulatory submission for market approval of these devices will be an assessment of thrombogenicity — assessing for surface- or materials-mediated activation of circulating platelets or components of the blood-clotting cascade that may result in thrombus formation and pose a risk to patient safety.


Although these complex and bulky devices may be single-use, such as a mapping catheter, or permanent implantables such as stent grafts or valves, the hemocompatibility testing in all cases will require a stringent assessment of thrombogenicity as stipulated in Table 1 of ISO 10993-4 Biological evaluation of medical devices – […]

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